|Common Name||Olive, ironwood, ironwood olive, black ironwood, wild olive, brown olive, Indian olive, Olienhout and iron tree, East African olive, and Elgon olive.|
|Scientific Name||Olea spp. (Olea europaea, O. capensis)|
|Distribution||This tree is native to Europe and eastern Africa. It is widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa from the east in Somalia, Ethiopia and Sudan, south to the tip of South Africa, and west to Cameroon, Sierra Leone, and the Islands of the Gulf of Guinea, as well as Madagascar and Comoros. It occurs in the bush, littoral scrub, and evergreen forest.|
|Tree Size||This tree can grow up to a height of about 25-50 ft (8-15 m) tall, with a trunk diameter of about 3-5 ft (1.0-1.5 m).|
|Dried Weight ( average )||The average dried weight of this wood is about 62 lbs/ft3 (990 kg/m3)|
|Specific Gravity||.72, .99|
|Janka Hardness||2,700 lbf (12,010 N)|
The olive wood, farmed form the trees of the olive tree, could be hard and rich in color wood that is prized all around the world for its look, density, straight grain, and fine texture. Originally found around the eastern coast of Mediterranean, Olive trees managed to unfold outside of Europe, thanks not on the requirement for wood exploitation, but for the growth of its delicious olive fruit that demands little or no repairs and attention throughout seasonal growth. The foremost recent reports claim that the fruit tree is presently being commercially farmed for its fruit in over twenty countries, with 60% of all trees being placed on the territory of the European Union (with 5 leading countries being Spain, Italy, Turkey, Greece, and Syria).
Olive lumber is extremely sturdy, however, it has a high sensitivity to outside elements and insect attacks. Due to this, it will most ordinarily be found solely in an indoor piece of furniture and smaller wooden objects. Visually, olive wood is known all around the world for its consistent texture, grain, and a distinct and fruity scent when being worked.
There are conflicting reports relating to the sturdiness of this wood that vary from non-durable to perishable to sturdy to moderately sturdy. Olive is vulnerable to the attack of insects and termites. Since it generally is understood to own lower sturdiness and resistance to elements and is not therefore used for the production of flooring, panel and structural construction, and has spread around the world wherever it is planted anywhere it will grow in hot and dry environments, olive wood is presently not powerfully exploited for lumber on the worldwide market. This helped it to stay unlisted on the IUCN Red List of vulnerable species.
Olive trees are commercially necessary throughout the natural regions wherever they grow. There are many races and many cultivars of Olea europaea; the olives harvested from the trees are created into olive oil.
Olivewood (Olea spp.) is usually confused with Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia), although it bears very little relation to true Olive and is in a completely completely different family of trees. Technically, Olive could be a part of the Oleaceæ family and is a lot of closely related to Ash (Fraxinus spp.) and Lilac (Syringa vulgaris).
Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Olive has been reported as a sensitizer. Usually, most common reactions merely include eye and skin irritation. proper kinds of equipment ought to be used to guarantee safety.
Colo and Appearance: The heartwood of this tree maybe a cream or yellowish brown, with darker brown or black contrasting streaks. Color tends to deepen with age. Olive is usually patterned with wavy or wavy grain, burl, or wild grain.
Common Uses: The wood of this tree is often used for the high-end article of furniture, veneer, turned objects, and tiny specialty wood things. Olea capensis is cultivated as a decorative tree in parks and gardens.
The Guinness Book of World Records lists this tree because of the world's heaviest wood, with a specific gravity of 1.49, just like that of anthracite or dry earth. It is legendary for its tendency to sink in water, not like different wood materials. it is additionally one among the world's hardest woods in step with the Janka hardness test. The timber has sensible abrasion resistance and is extremely robust. It is a superb turnery wood and is employed for a large range of ornamental items.
Olea capensis has lots of sweet-scented bisexual flowers, that manufacture massive edible fruits.
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